The picturesque Kythnos
, also known as Thermia
, is located between Kea and Serifos islands. It was on the small island of Kythnos, famous in antiquity for the excellence of its administration (according to Aristotle in his 'Constitution of Kinthos') that recent archaeological finds have provided evidence of the earliest presence of man in the Cyclades.
Here, too, the terrain is mainly mountainous, but the harshness of the bare earth is relieved here and there by vines or fig trees like brushstrokes on it, while pretty little bays form indentations in its coastline. Ferries put in at Merihas
, the port on the western side of the island.
Hora or Messaria
, the island's capital is 8 Km. from Merihas and stands on a hillside plateau. A typical Cycladic village, it is noted for its beautiful churches with their fine wood-carving, sanctuary screens and icons (St. Savas, church of the Saviour, Holy Trinity, Theologos). At the monastery of Our Lady 'tou Nikous', which stands on an attractive hill, the feast of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary on 15 August is observed with the traditional festivities.
A little way to the south is the island's former capital, which retains its ancient name of Driopida
- picturesque village, very typical of the islands. In the north-eastern part of the island lies Loutra
, renowned for its thermal springs
, which are considered beneficial to sufferers from arthritis, dermatitis and gynecological problems. In the South-east, the monastery of Our Lady Kanala, the patron saint of the island, stands on a very attractive promontory facing towards Serifos, with a beautiful expanse of sandy beach. The building is of great interest and the scenery is reminiscent of a fjiord - in Greek colours. Other good beaches for swimming can be found at Merihas, Episkopi, Flambouria bay (accessible only by boat), Loutra and Agios Stefanos.
Kythnos is one of the most beautiful island of the west Cyclades, with a pure cycladic scenery
and a tradition in arcitecture, easily seen in the many picturesque alleys and churches of the island. The rocky coasts with the wonderful sandy beaches that suddenly appear, form the island's beaches with the crystal-clear water.